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3 Famous Indian Stock Market Crashes

A Brief Dive into India's Famous Stock Market Crashes

The stock market has always been susceptible to highs and lows, leading to both great fortunes and significant losses. India's stock market history is no exception, with several infamous crashes that have left a lasting impact on investors and the economy. This article delves into three significant stock market crashes that shook the nation, causing waves of panic and reshaping the financial landscape.

Stock market crashes in India

1. The Harshad Mehta Scam (1992)

One of the most prominent stock market crashes in Indian history is the Harshad Mehta scam, which unfolded in the early 1990s. Harshad Mehta, a stockbroker, manipulated the market using false bank receipts. The scam drove the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) Sensex to unprecedented heights, only to come crashing down. The exposure and eventual collapse of Mehta's financial manipulations resulted in a massive market crash, causing a loss of investor confidence.

2. The Global Financial Crisis (2008)

The global financial crisis wreaked havoc on markets worldwide, and India was no exception. Triggered by the collapse of Lehman Brothers, this crisis had a significant impact on the Indian stock market. Investors faced immense losses as the Sensex plummeted by nearly 50% within a year. The crash was fueled by a series of global events, including the subprime mortgage crisis, which ultimately led to a sharp decline in Indian stocks.

3. The COVID-19 Pandemic Crash (2020)

The most recent stock market crash in India stems from the COVID-19 pandemic's unprecedented impact. As the novel coronavirus spread globally, markets faced a severe downturn, bringing back memories of previous crashes. In March 2020, the Sensex experienced bearish conditions, with a historic single-day loss of over 3,900 points. This crash caused panic selling among investors, leading to heavy losses and a volatile market.


These famous stock market crashes in India remind us of the inherent risks associated with investing in financial markets. They highlight the importance of a well-regulated financial system, investor awareness, and risk management strategies. Despite the turmoil caused by these crashes, the Indian stock market has shown resilience and the ability to rebound over time. However, the lessons learned from these crashes remain invaluable in shaping investor behavior and policy decisions to prevent such events from recurring in the future.

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