When to buy or sell a call or put option | 4 types of orders in options | Share market malayalam

Understanding When to Buy and Sell Put Options: A Comprehensive Guide

Navigating the complexities of options trading requires a clear understanding of when to buy and sell put options. This comprehensive guide aims to provide investors with insights into the optimal times to engage in these transactions, considering market conditions and potential outcomes. Malayalam video link is also mentioned below. Check that also.

When to Buy Put Options

As an investor concerned about a potential downturn in the stock market, buying put options can be a strategic move. A put option grants the right to sell an underlying asset at a fixed price within a predetermined period. This financial instrument typically increases in value when the price of the underlying asset drops. Therefore, if you anticipate a market decline or wish to hedge against potential losses, buying put options can prove beneficial.

Here are some additional scenarios where purchasing put options make sense:

Bearish Market Outlook

Buying puts allows you to profit from a bearish outlook on an individual stock or the overall market without short selling. Puts gain value as the market price drops.

Hedging Long Stock Positions

If you own shares of a company that may suffer a short-term dip, puts safeguard against this downside. Puts lock in the ability to sell at a high strike price.

Protecting a Portfolio Around Events

Put options allow hedging around binary events like earnings releases, regulatory decisions, etc. that could negatively impact certain stocks you own.

Implementing Bear Spreads

Put-based spreads like bear call/put spreads and put ratio spreads help profit from stocks expected to make modest downward moves.

Speculating on Increased Volatility

If you forecast volatility expansion ahead, buying puts benefits from the increased options premiums.

In summary, buying puts offers strategic advantages for a variety of scenarios - from capitalizing on bearish views, hedging risks, implementing multi-leg strategies to speculating on volatility. The flexibility of options allows tailored approaches.

When to Sell Put Options

Selling put options involves committing to buying a stock at an agreed-upon price. It is advisable to sell put options only if you are comfortable owning the underlying security at the predetermined price. By selling a put option, you assume the obligation to buy the stock if the counterparty exercises the option.

Sellers face potential losses when the stock price drops, as they must purchase the stock at the strike price but can only sell it at a lower market price. Conversely, if the stock price rises, sellers can profit, as the buyer is less likely to exercise the option.

Here are some key scenarios where selling/writing put options is an appropriate strategy:

Bullish Outlook

If you are bullish on a stock, sell puts below the current market price. You profit from the option premium if the stock remains above the strike at expiration.

Generate Income

Sell puts on quality stocks you wish to own anyway at an attractive entry price. Earn steady income from the premiums.

Purchase at Lower Valuations

Sell puts below the current trading levels to potentially buy the stock at discounted valuations compared to today's price.

Implement Spread Strategies

Sell puts as part of multi-leg option spreads to lower cost basis and precisely define risk/reward parameters.

Overall, selling puts should align with a neutral to bullish bias – allowing cheaper entries into quality stocks or generating income. It requires accepting the obligation to buy stocks at set prices so adequate risk management is vital. Lessening the impact of adverse moves using spreads is advisable.

Risks and Rewards

Understanding the risks and rewards is crucial when engaging in put options trading. Buyers have the potential to profit from a declining market, serving as a hedge against losses in their portfolios. On the other hand, sellers face the risk of losses if the stock price decreases significantly.

Put sellers generate income through fees, relying on the premiums collected to cover potential losses. It's essential for sellers to assess their comfort level with the obligation to buy the underlying security and manage potential risks effectively.

Strategies for Success

To optimize success in put options trading, consider the following strategies:

  • Buy Put Options: When anticipating a market decline or seeking portfolio protection.
  • Sell Put Options: When comfortable owning the underlying security at the agreed-upon price and aiming to generate income through premiums.


In the dynamic world of options trading, knowing when to buy and sell put options is instrumental for successful decision-making. Whether you are an investor hedging against market downturns or a speculator betting on price movements, understanding the nuances of put options is key to navigating the financial markets effectively.

Check this Malayalam video about when to buy or sell call or put options - https://youtu.be/WQYRnfmIf-k?si=ZjXl0Qi41_2FTYML

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Why would an investor buy put options?

A: Investors may buy put options to profit from a potential decline in the stock market. Put options increase in value when the price of the underlying asset drops, serving as a hedge against losses in a down market.

Q: What is the obligation of a put option seller?

A: A put option seller commits to buying a stock at an agreed-upon price. They assume the obligation to purchase the underlying security if the counterparty exercises the option.

Q: How do put sellers manage risks?

A: Put sellers manage risks by assessing their comfort level with owning the underlying security at the predetermined price. Additionally, the fees collected from writing options can help cover potential losses in a declining market.

Check out video in our youtube channel about four types of orders in option trading and when to buy or sell a call or put option. This video is part of our our future and options trading video series! We discuss about basic concepts of option trading in Malayalam, in first few videos in this series.

In that video we’ll walk you through:

- Order types in option trading

- When to buy call option

- When to buy put option

- When to sell call or put option

Check all posts in our option trading series

1 - What is option trading | Option trading basics explained in Malayalam - https://www.teqmocharts.com/2022/07/option-trading-basics-imalayalam.html

2 - Option Trading Basics | Intrinsic value in option trading - https://www.teqmocharts.com/2022/07/option-trading-malayalam.html

3 -  What is call option | How to buy or sell a call option in Upstox - https://www.teqmocharts.com/2022/07/Call-option-malayalam.html

4 - What is put option | How to buy/sell put option in Upstox - https://www.teqmocharts.com/2022/07/what-is-put-option-how-to-buysell-put.html

5 - When to buy or sell a call or put option | 4 types of orders in options - https://www.teqmocharts.com/2022/07/when-to-buy-or-sell-call-or-put-option.html

6 - Moneyness of an option contract | In the money | At the money | Out of the money option contracts - https://www.teqmocharts.com/2022/07/moneyness-of-option-contract-in-money.html

7 - What is open interest in option trading | Open interest explained in Malayalam - https://www.teqmocharts.com/2022/07/what-is-open-interest-in-option-trading.html

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